What are the 5 cycling monuments?

Cycling, as a sport, is full of legendary races that captivate both athletes and spectators alike. Among these prestigious events, there exists a group known as the "Cycling Monuments." Comprising five iconic races — Milan-San Remo, Tour of Flanders, Paris-Roubaix, Liège-Bastogne-Liège, and Giro di Lombardia — the Monuments represent the pinnacle of cycling achievement. Let’s delve into the history, challenges, and allure of these legendary races, each steeped in tradition and gruelling competition.

Milan-San Remo:

Known as "La Primavera" or "The Spring Classic," Milan-San Remo inaugurates the cycling season in late March. Spanning approximately 300 kilometers, it is the longest of the cycling monuments. Established in 1907, Milan-San Remo traverses the beautiful landscapes of northern Italy, encompassing rolling hills, picturesque coastal roads, and the iconic Poggio and Cipressa climbs. With its unpredictable weather and nail-biting sprint finishes, this monument tests riders' endurance, tactics, and sprinting prowess.

Tour of Flanders:

Belgium, a country synonymous with cycling, hosts the Tour of Flanders, an event steeped in history and cobblestone folklore. Held in early April, "De Ronde" demands exceptional bike handling skills as riders battle across the narrow, winding roads of Flanders and face notorious cobbled sections known as "bergs." The race pushes riders to their limits, making this monument a true spectacle of strength, strategy, and tenacity.


Nicknamed "The Hell of the North," Paris-Roubaix epitomizes the romance and brutality of professional cycling. Stemming from its early origins in 1896, this monument is renowned for its challenging cobblestone sectors, which mercilessly rattle riders and their equipment. The race demands not only physical prowess but also mental fortitude, as cyclists battle through mud, dust, and bone-jarring vibrations. The iconic Trouée d'Arenberg and Carrefour de l'Arbre sections have become legendary battlegrounds where champions are made.


Nestled within the Ardennes region of Belgium, Liège-Bastogne-Liège claims the title of the oldest of the cycling monuments, with its roots tracing back to 1892. Dubbed "La Doyenne" or "The Old Lady," this monument is characterized by its relentless succession of climbs and challenging terrain. The Côte de la Redoute and the Côte de la Roche-aux-Faucons serve as daunting obstacles that demand both climbing prowess and tactical acumen.

Giro di Lombardia:

As the final monument of the cycling season, the Giro di Lombardia provides a spectacular conclusion to the year's racing calendar. Known as "The Race of the Falling Leaves," this Italian classic is held in October, featuring a challenging route through the hills and lakes of Lombardy. With its breathtaking vistas and demanding climbs like the iconic Madonna del Ghisallo, this monument showcases the beauty of autumn in Northern Italy while challenging riders to demonstrate their climbing and descending skills in pursuit of victory.

The Cycling Monuments represent the epitome of cycling achievement, captivating fans with their rich history, challenging routes, and unforgettable moments of triumph and despair. Each race possesses a distinct character, blending tradition with the spirit of competition. They continue to shape the narrative of professional cycling, providing a stage for the world's best riders to etch their names in cycling folklore.